A Finnish archaeologist has discovered a lost city in the Amazon jungle which he compares to the engineering feats of the Ancient Egyptian.
Martti Pärssinen has made sensational finds of an ancient lost civilization in the Amazonian area. The digs in Brazil have unearthed unique artefacts, including entirely new forms of ceramics.
The clearing of the Amazon rain forest has revealed mysterious patterns in the earth. The large-scale patterns are best visible from the air, where Finnish archaeologist Martti Pärssinen takes pictures of them.
The geometrical patterns have been made with earth mounds and moats. Many of them are huge, with sides measuring up to a few hundred meters.
Over 300 such structures have been discovered in the Brazilian state of Acre alone.
The construction feat involved can be compared to that achieved by those that built the pyramids in Egypt.
Pärssinen points out that people here must have expended as much energy as the workers in Egypt, shaping the earth into vast motes and mounds, in complex, multiple structures.
The find has been a sensation for researchers, as it was previously thought that much of the Amazon was merely sparsely populated, wild rain forest.
Graduate student Ivandra Rampanelli from Spain's University of València says the patterns are rewriting the history of habitation of the Amazon – an area that was before seen as devoid of great civilizations.
Radiocarbon dating shows the oldest patterns were built some 2,000 years ago, and that the civilisation suddenly ended 700 years ago, possibly due to foreign diseases brought by Europeans.